Singapore is a small island state, made up of over 60 islands. Most of the smaller islands are uninhabited.
Singapore City is the capital of Singapore.It is on Singapore Island, the largest of the Singapore islands. More than 90 percent of the population of Singapore live in Singapore City. It is a crowded city with many tall apartment blocks, and high-rise offices, banks, and hotels.
Climate and Wealth
Singapore lies just north of the Equator, and its climate is hot and humid with frequent heavy rains. Singapore is so small and so crowded that it cannot produce enough food for all its people. Most of its food has to be imported from other countries. Singapore’s water supplies are piped in from Malaysia. As there is a shortage of land, the marshy ground is being drained to provide more space for homes and factories. However, in spite of its small size, Singapore is one of the richest countries in South-East Asia. Its wealth comes from shipping, international trade, electronics manufacture and banking.
The port of Singapore
Singapore is the world’s second-busiest port, after Shanghai in China. It is a busy port because it:
- has a sheltered, deep-water harbour
- is positioned between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea
- • has berths for ships, over 200 cranes,and warehouses and storage areas
- can handle cruise ships and the world’s largest container ships
- can handle large numbers of cars
- can handle bulk cargo, such as oil,petroleum, natural gas, cement and Steel products.
- Can supply fuel,water,food and other provisions for ships.
- Can repair and maintain ships.
Traders from all around the world send their goods to Singapore. From there the goods are sent on to other parts of the world. On any given day, there are about 1000 ships in the port, and a ship sails in or out of the harbour every few minutes. They connect Singapore to over 600 ports in 123 countries, spread across 6 continents. In 2012, more than 120 000 ships arrived at the port, over half of which were container ships. They carried nearly 500 million tonnes of cargo and over 1 million cruise ship passengers.
Singapore has a modern system of roads and motorways. It also has an underground railway, with over 40 stations that link the city to its suburbs. The island is joined to Malaysia by a causeway and a bridge. There is also a ferry between Singapore and Malaysia. Singapore’s airport, like its port, is one of the busiest in the world. It has flights to more than 200 other airports.